An Integrated Project Funded by the European Commission under the Sustainable Development, Global Change and Ecosystems Thematic Priority Area.
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Contract Number: 018320
Project Cordinator: Dr. Theo van den Hoven KIWA Water Research
Project Duration: 1st January 2006 to 31st December 2010

WA7 'Integrate, Validate and Demonstrate'

Rationale

The problems associated with the provision of a secure and safe water supply are defined by specific, local conditions and constraints. The solutions to these problems will be provided by the application of appropriate technology and management systems. The key issue is what is appropriate and how can end-users be given access to information that permits fully informed decisions. The history of the water sector can provide many examples of technologies that have failed to deliver long-term solutions to communities, not because the technology in itself was inadequate but because it was not appropriate to the local circumstances. Examples include technologies with high power and chemical costs that the community could not afford to maintain; technologies that require high levels of expertise that is not available locally; and technologies unable to contend with highly variable raw waters.

The transfer of technologies from one sector to another, from developed country to developing country and from the research laboratory to the field is not a simple exercise. It is necessary to test the technologies and systems and show that they can be adopted and, if required, be adapted to meet unforeseen needs.  New end-users need to be able to confidently select a set of solutions that is best suited to their own circumstances, one that is affordable and sustainable. Procurers and end-users of water supply systems need information and hard data on these, and other available systems, which will enable fully informed decisions to be made to ensure that, when implemented, they will work and will be sustainable. The key objectives for WA7 are to:

  • provide the means to allow  the best fitting technologies, system schemes and management practices from WA 1-6 to be selected for a given set of conditions
  • demonstrate and validate technologies and management practices from WA 2-5 in day-to-day operations for several cases.
  • consult stakeholders in practical situations, receive feedback and adjust technologies, models and protocols in WA 2-6
  • provide education and capacity building through the direct involvement of local end-users in the implementation of research and testing activities.

Methodology

Work Areas 2-5 of TECHNEAU will identify and develop new technologies and working practices; Work Area 6 will provide a perspective on end-user acceptability of these new systems. Work Area 1 will provide the future context within which technologies and systems will have to operate. Work Area 7 will integrate the outputs from the other areas and provide the means by which this information and data can be accessed by stakeholders and undertake demonstration of the technologies and systems with a range of end-users that include small supplies, large supplies, developing countries, member states and adhesion states, and the full range of stakeholders within the water supply chain. These demonstrations will not only provide fully documented case studies but also will inform and educate the end-users to the new approaches and adaptive strategies that TECHNEAU will create and define.

 

The central link pin in WA7, and TECHNEAU itself, is the decision support system, called the TECHNEAU SELECTION MANAGER (TSM). The information and results collected and generated by WA 2-6 will be embedded in the TSM and it will become the interface between available technologies and systems and the end-users that need to make informed choices.

The TSM in concept will be a matrix/multi-criteria selection tool that enables a user to match the local conditions and requirements for a water supply to available technologies and systems. It will draw from a series of databases that contain information and data that define technologies and systems in terms of costs, performance characteristics and capabilities. This information will be collected and generated within WA 2-6.  The user will be able to obtain information and support to making decisions on the design and operation of new-build, on enhancement or optimisation of existing systems, and on a range of strategies that challenge conventional approaches to water supply. The user will also be able to access a range of tools such as process modelling, treatment simulation, risk analysis, and cost models. The overall TSM concept is outlined in the following figure.

TECHNEAU Selection Manager